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Wednesday July 23, 2014 07:23:52 PM
|Dept. of Administration / Office of Geographic and Demographic Analysis|
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Indicator 1 6 : Infant mortality
Goal: Minnesotans will be healthy. This goal encompasses both physical and mental health throughout life. It is also aimed at reducing disparities in health status among racial and ethnic minorities. Indicators for the goal deal with both health status and health care.
Rationale: Infant mortality is an important indicator because it reflects the quality of both pre- and post-natal care.Infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births, total
Data source: Minnesota Department of HealthInfant mortality rate per 1,000 live births, American Indian
Data source: Minnesota Department of HealthInfant mortality rate per 1,000 live births, Asian or Pacific Islander
Data source: Minnesota Department of HealthInfant mortality rate per 1,000 live births, Black/ African American
Data source: Minnesota Department of HealthInfant mortality rate per 1,000 live births, Hispanic
Data source: Minnesota Department of HealthInfant mortality rate per 1,000 live births, White
Data source: Minnesota Department of Health
About this indicator: The number of infant deaths per 1,000 live births declined steadily from 7.5 in 1993 to 5.6 in 2000 apart from a slight increase in 1999. The Minnesota Department of Health has set a goal of reducing the infant mortality rate to no more than five deaths per 1,000 live births by 2004. In 2001, the Minnesota Legislature allocated $13.9 million for a statewide health disparities initiative.
Among racial groups, the most dramatic improvement was in Black/African American infant mortality, which dropped from 22.8 to 15.1 between 1990-2000. However, infant mortality rates for Blacks/African Americans, American Indians and Hispanics remain well above rates for Whites.
For comparison: Nationally, the infant mortality rate was 7.3 deaths per 1,000 live births in 1999, compared to the Minnesota rate of 6.2 per 1,000.
Things to think about: Medical advances in the care of very premature infants have improved survival rates over the past decade. However, this indicator reveals one of Minnesota's worst health discrepancies between White children and children of color. The state's infant mortality rates for Black/African American and Native American children are among the highest in the country. In the Twin Cities metropolitan area, the mortality rate is four times greater for Black/African American infants than for White infants.
Technical notes: Infant mortality is reported as the number of deaths from birth to the first birthday, per 1,000 live births. Rates for racial and ethnic groups are an aggregate for the preceding five-year period. County rates are in three year averages.
Related data trends:
Other related indicators:
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