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Indicator 1 8 : Premature death

Goal: Minnesotans will be healthy. This goal encompasses both physical and mental health throughout life. It is also aimed at reducing disparities in health status among racial and ethnic minorities. Indicators for the goal deal with both health status and health care.

Rationale: Statistics on premature death give an indication of lives cut short by illness or injury.

Years of potential life lost before age 65, per 100,000 people

Year
19903,495.0
19913,454.8
19923,348.1
19933,381.6
19943,428.1
19953,386.8
19963,147.2
19972,912.6
19982,941.8
19992,939.1
20002,828.8
graph
Local data

Data source: Minnesota Department of Health

Years of potential life lost before age 65 to AIDS-HIV, per 100,000 people

Year
1990115.8
1991117.9
1992112.5
1993130.4
1994168.3
1995167.9
1996109.9
199738.7
199830.4
199939.7
200036.2
graph

Data source: Minnesota Department of Health

Years of potential life lost before age 65 to cancer, per 100,000 people

Year
1990714.4
1991712.0
1992684.4
1993652.9
1994687.9
1995687.8
1996712.8
1997670.5
1998652.7
1999700.4
2000665.5
graph

Data source: Minnesota Department of Health

Years of potential life lost before age 65 to diabetes, per 100,000 people

Year
199040.5
199150.9
199256.0
199354.5
199457.7
199551.6
199668.6
199748.8
199858.1
199961.3
200064.4
graph

Data source: Minnesota Department of Health

Years of potential life lost before age 65 to heart disease, per 100,000 people

Year
1990410.6
1991438.6
1992405.9
1993441.8
1994438.8
1995437.7
1996421.5
1997397.1
1998404.5
1999379.2
2000333.0
graph

Data source: Minnesota Department of Health

Years of potential life lost before age 65 to homicide, per 100,000 people

Year
1990116.2
1991111.9
1992113.5
1993124.7
1994127.4
1995148.1
1996145.6
1997106.0
1998105.5
1999106.9
2000103.2
graph

Data source: Minnesota Department of Health

Years of potential life lost before age 65 to SIDS, per 100,000 people

Year
1990156.3
1991161.4
1992142.2
1993150.1
1994115.8
1995125.6
199672.2
199779.1
199869.4
199958.2
200028.9
graph

Data source: Minnesota Department of Health

Years of potential life lost before age 65 to stroke, per 100,000 people

Year
199065.7
199176.5
199278.6
199387.5
199479.9
199574.3
199672.8
199780.3
199872.8
199974.3
200075.0
graph

Data source: Minnesota Department of Health

Years of potential life lost before age 65 to suicide, per 100,000 people

Year
1990335.7
1991324.5
1992312.7
1993311.5
1994289.4
1995305.0
1996283.4
1997236.0
1998274.3
1999243.9
2000239.8
graph

Data source: Minnesota Department of Health

Years of potential life lost before age 65 to unintentional injury, per 100,000 people

Year
1990767.1
1991728.1
1992728.1
1993703.4
1994725.8
1995725.7
1996662.0
1997653.7
1998648.6
1999636.0
2000672.8
graph

Data source: Minnesota Department of Health

About this indicator: This indicator has improved steadily and substantially since 1990, from 3,495 years per 100,000 people in 1990 to 2,829 years in 2000.

Unintentional injury and cancer are the the major causes of premature death followed by heart disease, suicide and homicide. The rates of premature death from AIDS/HIV and Sudden Infant Death Syndrome have decreased significantly during the decade, while the rates of premature death from diabetes have increased.

Minnesota has made significant progress in reducing deaths from unintentional injury, which includes motor vehicle crashes, falls, poisoning, suffocation, drowning and fire, although unintentional injury remains the leading cause of premature death.

For comparison: The National Center for Health Statistics reports premature death as any death before 75 years, compared to 65 years used in the Minnesota data. It is therefore no longer possible to make a direct comparison.

Things to think about: Research has shown that living conditions are an important factor in premature death. For example, studies have indicated that Whites living in low-income neighborhoods are 70 to 90 percent more likely to develop heart disease than Whites living in high-income neighborhoods. Blacks/African Americans living in low-income areas are 30 to 40 percent more likely to develop heart disease than those in high-income areas.

Experts indicate that a number of factors contribute to these neighborhood disparities. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control & Prevention has found the lack of decent, affordable housing to be strongly associated with health status. The health choices of individuals, including smoking, diet, and exercise, are also shaped by the norms of the communities in which they live. In 2001, the Minnesota Legislature allocated $13.9 million for a statewide health disparities initiative.

Technical notes: Years of potential life lost are calculated by determining the number of years between death and age 65. The rate is calculated by dividing the years of potential life lost by the total population age 65 and younger, then multiplying by 100,000. The list of top causes of premature death excludes deaths related to perinatal conditions and birth defects.

Sources:

  • Minnesota Department of Health, Center for Health Statistics www.health.state.mn.us.

Related data trends:

  • Population, ages 0-64
    • Years of potential life lost to cancer
      • Years of potential life lost to heart disease
        • Years of potential life lost to homicide
          • Years of potential life lost to SIDS
            • Years of potential life lost to stroke
              • Years of potential life lost to suicide
                • Years of potential life lost to unintentional injury
                  • Years of potential life lost to diabetes
                    • Years of potential life lost to AIDS-HIV
                    • Related indicators:

                      Other related indicators:

                      • Percentage of children under 18 covered by health insurance (Minnesota Department of Health, www.health.state.mn.us)
                      • Suicide rate by gender and age (Minnesota Department of Health, www.health.state.mn.us)
                      • Percentage of adults who abuse alcohol (Minnesota Department of Health, www.health.state.mn.us)
                      • Percentage of Minnesotans who use seatbelts regularly (Minnesota Department of Public Safety, www.dps.state.mn.us)
                      • Percentage of adults who are significantly overweight (Minnesota Department of Health, www.health.state.mn.us)
                      • Cancer rate (Minnesota Department of Health, www.health.state.mn.us)
                      • Infectious disease rate (Minnesota Department of Health, www.health.state.mn.us)
                      • Leading causes of death for selected age groups by gender, race and ethnicity (Minnesota Department of Health, www.health.state.mn.us)
                      • Percentage of adults who exercise regularly (Minnesota Department of Health, www.health.state.mn.us)
                      • Satisfaction with medical care from one's primary clinic (University of Minnesota, Institute for Health Services Research)

                      Retrieve county data for: Years of potential life lost before age 65, per 100,000 people

Technical problems? Contact: demography.helpline@state.mn.us