Buildings Demography Environment GIS Information Policy Technology Transportation More subjects
Note: The Office of Geographic and Demographic Analysis is no longer a division of the Dept. of Administration. The work units which made up this division can be found on the left menu of this page. Resources found on the GDA website are being migrated to other domains. Logo

Indicator 3 0 : Bias crimes

Goal: All people will be welcomed, respected and able to participate fully in Minnesota's communities and economy. The promise of inclusion of all people is embedded in Minnesota's heritage as well as in federal and state law. The goal encourages pride in ethnic heritage and endorses opportunity for all without consideration of race, sex or ability. This is increasingly important as Minnesota's workplaces, schools, and communities grow in diversity.

Rationale: Incidents of bias or hate crimes are harmful not only to the individual victims, but also to Minnesota communities and neighborhoods. They indicate a lack of acceptance of the increasing diversity of Minnesota's communities.

Reported bias crimes, total

Year
1990307
1991425
1992433
1993377
1994282
1995307
1996279
1997239
1998264
1999230
2000184
graph

Data source: Minnesota Department of Public Safety

Reported bias crimes, based on race or national origin

Year
1990259
1991345
1992376
1993290
1994220
1995238
1996210
1997174
1998185
1999163
2000133
graph

Data source: Minnesota Department of Public Safety

Reported bias crimes, based on sexual orientation

Year
199020
199141
199230
199343
199439
199538
199655
199734
199852
199956
200027
graph

Data source: Minnesota Department of Public Safety

Reported bias crimes, based on religion

Year
199024
199133
199223
199335
199416
199523
199611
199716
199818
19999
200019
graph

Data source: Minnesota Department of Public Safety

Reported bias crimes, based on age, sex or disability

Year
19904
19916
19924
19939
19947
19958
19963
199715
19989
19992
20005
graph

Data source: Minnesota Department of Public Safety

About this indicator: The number of reported bias crimes has fluctuated in the last decade.
State law requires all law enforcement agencies to report any bias crime when the officer believes the crime was motivated by the victim's religion, race, country of origin, sex, disability, age or sexual orientation. Approximately 70 percent of all bias crimes reported in Minnesota are based on race or national origin. Another 20 to 25 percent are based on sexual orientation. Reports of bias crimes based on sex, religion, age or disability are relatively rare in Minnesota.

Changes in reported bias crimes may reflect a change in reporting practices and procedures. Many bias crimes may go unreported or unlabeled as bias related. Some undocumented immigrants may not report being a victim of crime for fear of being reported to immigration officials. Other reasons may include a fear of reprisal by their attackers, a personal mistrust of law enforcement officers or a sense that redress is not attainable.

For comparison: Nationally, bias crimes reported to the FBI in 2000 rose two percent from the previous year. Of the 9,430 hate crime victims reported in 2000 in the United States, 55 percent were targeted because of race. In Minnesota, there was a 20 percent decrease in reported bias offenses from 1999 to 2000.

Things to think about: Leaders of some immigrant and ethnic communities in Minnesota have publicly expressed concerns about the increased potential for bias crime since the terrorist events of September 11, 2001.

Technical notes: Law enforcement agencies file monthly reports of bias crimes with the Minnesota Bureau of Criminal Apprehension, which reports data annually to the state legislature and the Minnesota Department of Human Rights.

Sources:

  • Minnesota Department of Public Safety, Bureau of Criminal Apprehension, Minnesota Crime Information 2000, www.dps.state.mn.us/bca/CJIS/Documents/Crime2000/Page-14.html
  • Federal Bureau of Investigation, www.fbi.gov/ucr/ucr.htm

Related indicators:

Other related indicators:

  • Discrimination complaints filed with federal, state and local human rights agencies (U.S. Equal Employment Opportunities Commission; Minnesota Department of Human Rights; Minneapolis Civil Rights Department; St. Paul Human Rights Department)

Technical problems? Contact: demography.helpline@state.mn.us